When to use whom
Holiday

When to use whom

Holiday Published 19/03/2020 09:10:58

When to use whom

According to the rules of grammar, the word who is used when it is the subject of the sentence, while who is the object of the sentence, or when it comes after a preposition.

A simple explanation of the difference between Who and who
who is used as a subject pronoun, while who is used as an object pronoun.


Comparing:

Alan was playing the guitar. Who was playing the guitar? He was playing the guitar.
Alan played guitar. Who played the guitar? He played the guitar.

I saw Ivan at the party. Who did you see at the party? I saw him at the party.
I saw Ivan at the party. Who did you see at the party? I've seen him.

As can be seen in these examples, the rule is exactly this: if you use the pronoun “o”, you need to use who, and if you use the pronoun “him”, you need to use who.

The policeman was talking to the man. To whom was the policeman talking?
The police officer was talking to the man. Who was the police officer talking to?

The man who was carrying the bags is Mary's brother.
The man, who was carrying the bags, is Mary's brother. / The man carrying the bags is Mary's brother. (In subject position)

The girl who I saw at the party is my friend's ex-girlfriend.
The girl, who I saw at the party, is my friend's ex-girlfriend. (Object in position)

The girl to whom the ugly man was talking is Jim's daughter.
The girl, who the ugly guy was talking to, is Jim's daughter. (Object in position)

In these sentences, who is the subject of the sentence, while who is the complement or object. Whom is also used after prepositions.

Who vs whom examples sentences, When should you use whomever in a sentence, In what context do you use whom,  Who I met or whom I met, Who I should contact or whom, Who I admire or whom I admire, Who vs whom exercises, Who vs whom in a statement, Can you start a sentence with whom

when to use whom

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